Profiles of Social Coping Resources among Latinx Adults
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Profiles of Social Coping Resources among Latinx Adults: Implications for Depressive Symptoms and Self-Rated General Health
Ángela Gutiérrez, PhD, MPH
Assistant Professor, Department of Social Medicine
Ohio University Heritage College of Osteopathic Medicine
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Meeting ID: 914 3597 6370
Understanding coping is critical for healthy aging and chronic disease management. Social resources improve the capacity of individuals to manage stressful events. Despite the theoretical and empirical evidence underscoring the importance of social resource typologies for healthy aging, the research on the multidimensionality of social resources is scant. This study identifies social resource coping profiles and evaluates their implications for two indicators of well-being, depressive symptoms and self-rated general health, among Latinx adults. Data are from a regional sample of Latinx adults in Miami-Dade County, Florida (n = 605). Latent class analysis was used to identify coping profiles based on patterns across seven social resources: positive family support, family pride, family interaction, friend social support, negative family support, medical mistrust, and loneliness. Bivariate tests were used to identify social and health correlates linked with class membership. Multivariate linear regression was used to assess depressive symptoms and self-rated general health across social resource classes. Four social resource classes were identified: (1) high positive social resources; (2) frequent, yet negative, family relations; (3) positive family resources and high medical mistrust; and (4) frequent, yet negative, family relations and high medical mistrust. Controlling for demographic characteristics, pain frequency, and activity limitation intensity, classes high on positive social resources, such as Class 1 and Class 3, fared well on both health outcomes. Members with the fewest social resources, such as Class 4, fared poorly on both health outcomes. Results empirically distinguish distinct patterns in social resources among Latinxs and suggest that having greater access to a diverse set of positive social resources may be protective for mental and global health outcomes among this group. Results identify under-resourced groups for health promotion programs.
Dr. Gutiérrez conducts research at the intersections of public health, medical sociology, and education and employs quantitative, qualitative, and community-based participatory research (CBPR) methods to identify the factors that buffer or exacerbate health disparities among Latinx adults and other socially disadvantaged groups. Her three interdisciplinary lines of research assess: (1) risk and resilience among racial and ethnic minorities with chronic health conditions; (2) community-based and culturally informed health research among underserved communities; and (3) workforce diversity in health-related sectors. Collectively, these lines of research identify the social factors contributing to the distribution of illness and wellness at the population level, with an overarching goal of mitigating health disparities and promoting health equity.
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